Sunday, January 19, 2020

Blood Pressure Essay -- Health, Diseases, Walking

Distance Other studies have attempted to measure the effect of distance on blood pressure response in order to find if there is any correlation between distance and a significant blood pressure reduction. One of these studies (see Moreau et al, 2001) involved 24 sedentary post-menopausal American women (15 in the intervention group ) with high blood pressure. The results found that, after a 2-year walking programme, that there was a statistically significant drop of 13 mmHg in the systolic blood pressure of those participants who were taking anti-hypertensive drugs and of 11 mmHg in those not receiving medication, whereas there was no difference found in their diastolic blood pressure and in the blood pressure of the control group. The participants in the intervention group were instructed to walk 3 kms per day in addition to their normal daily physical activity. After the first year the reduction in blood pressure was significant: 6 mm Hg in the systolic blood pressure of the participants wh o were taking anti-hypertensive medication and 7mmHg in the non-medication group. In this study , the magnitude of the reduction of systolic blood pressure as a result of a walking programme is similar to that which has been found in earlier studies in response to traditional exercise (see Seals et al,1997, and Hagberg et al, 2000). Frequency Several studies have examined the impact of the frequency of walking per week on blood pressure in order to determine what frequency is most effective in terms of blood pressure reduction response. A study by Gettman et al, conducted in 1976, which compared the effect of fast walking between one, three and five days per week on blood pressure response, found that the difference in frequency was no... ...ffect on systolic blood pressure only. Lee et al (2010) found that moderate to high intensity waking was more likely to decrease blood pressure than low intensity walking. This result supports the findings of the study conducted by Quinn in the year 2000. Nemoto et al (2007) compared the effect of continuous walking at moderate intensity (50% of peak aerobic capacity) and interval walking at high intensity (70% of peak aerobic capacity) on reducing blood pressure. They found that blood pressure reduction was greater in the group who walked at high intensity: 9 mmHg for systolic blood pressure and 5 mmHg for diastolic. The results of a study conducted in India by Gosh (2006) to measure the effect of walking intensity (2 Km/30min) for 20 weeks, showed that there was a significant reduction in systolic/diastolic blood pressure by approximately 10 mmHg/4 mmHg.

Saturday, January 11, 2020

Everybody’s Guilty Essay

In â€Å" Everybody’s Guilty – The Ecological Dilemma, â€Å" author and professor of Human Ecology at University of California, Santa Barbara, Garrett Hardin, explains the current issue with invisible reverberations. Hardin calls attention to the readers about how innocent actions by individuals can inflict on the environment. â€Å" We all acquiesce in the system of arrangements and practices that has created our ecological crisis† (Hardin, 40). In order to approve of our actions, individuals tend to hide from reality behind symbols and/or words. Incorporating rhetoric into our everyday lives does this. Garrett Hardin begins his argument by explaining the naming process that may have unintended consequences and then finishes with potentially solutions to this ecological crisis. For example, using the word â€Å"healthy† attracts an audience that is ultimately looking to eat correctly. Without looking at the ingredients, people believe the false advertisement and buy the food that says â€Å"healthy† on the box rather than what is actually good for them. By doing this, consumers are using an unethical form of persuasion while not being aware of the consequences or changes this action may have on people. Hardin wants the readers to view our world not as a society, but â€Å"as an ecological system† (Hardin, 40). Instead of acting as a whole, people need to understand that as individuals, everyone needs to play their part to improve the world we live on. Hardin suggests, â€Å"we [as individuals] can never do merely one thing† (Hardin, 41). The choices that are made everyday can have an impact on something a lot larger than what was intended. In the article, â€Å"Everybody’s Guilty†, Hardin uses the example of damming the Nile at Aswan. By building this dam, workers not only secured a water source for electricity and irrigation, which was their only intention, but they also caused deep distress to Egypt. This proves Hardin’s argument. Although the thought of a dependable water source is efficient, many times the consequences are overseen. Egypt now is suffering from periodic floods, which is slowly eliminating the nutrients within the water. To bring this example into an easier perspective, lets look at what average people do everyday such as pumping gas. Individuals unconsciously pump their gas with the only intention to be able to get from one place to another. Everyone knows the amount of consequences that may arise from this certain action, but no one really pays attention. The amount of pollution that is created from pumping gas is at alarming rates and is slowly taking a toll on the atmosphere. Transportation is the largest single source of air pollution in the United States. This includes air pollution emitted during vehicle operation, refueling, and manufacturing. These simple actions cause over a third of the contaminated chemicals in the air, and all people are worried about is if they will make it to work on time. With both the amount of cars on the road, and the escalating population rates, Hardin is trying to persuade readers that people need to take action and by persuading the audience, Hardin is engaging in a form of rhetoric. â€Å"Pollution will not be controlled unless population is controlled† (Hardin, 44). â€Å"Even what we call ‘success’ may prove to be a bitter failure. Increasing the size of the population is generally held to be a good thing, but an even larger proportion of the world’s people is becoming convinced that the world is already overpopulated† (Hardin, 42). Increasing the population not only limits resources, it also increases the amount of misunderstanding to people â€Å"never do[ing] one thing†, which can potentially lead to a larger ecological crisis. There are many problems when it comes to population. Technology is expensive and with population growing, the price of natural resources is increasing as well. There are solutions to this issue though, but cannot be implemented right away. Hardin looks â€Å"toward voluntarism and persuasion to help create a climate of opinion that can some day support stronger measures† (Hardin, 45). By â€Å"doing the right thing†, Hardin rhetorically persuades the readers to engage in thoughtful actions that decreases the population. The first step to this solution is to create a 100% effective birth control. Society knows that contraception is not completely effective, but because of this, Hardin suggests we create a system for acceptability towards abortions if necessary. If birth control fails, abortions should be included as a â€Å"back up plan† with the cost of being preferably free. The problem with this proposal is that abortions are frowned upon in other countries. To avoid the abortion issue, young girls need to be taught to become independent and goal oriented instead of becoming a teenage mother. Now-a-days girls are so interested in creating their own little families and having children that they tend to forget the hardships of having child. We need to educate all of society so as to reduce this social pressure, and consequently reduce the number of semi-reluctant mothers, who are probably not the best ones to raise children anyway† (Hardin, 46). Having a child when the woman is a child herself is not healthy, but is a prime example to Hardin’s argument. By creating children for the wrong reasons relates to creating an invisible reverberations. At the time it sounds great to have a child, but the aftermath consequences do not balance out. As a society, individuals need to create a culture of acceptability to smaller families. The world is slowly becoming more accustomed to this new culture, but still needs improvement. Garrett Hardin wants to leave his readers with a prolonged thought to help the world. He enriches his readers with evidence that support his idea of having an ecological crisis. Hardin explains that everyone is at fault when it comes to harming the world, but there are ways to solve this conflict and that is population control. Although the solution may not be easy, Hardin wants people to understand the consequences of their actions, because until then, the ecological crisis is going to continue to increase.

Friday, January 3, 2020

Pregnancies And Development Of A Fetus - 1574 Words

Starting from the beginning every single human being on the planet Earth started out as a sperm and egg. During conception, the sperm fertilizes the egg and you develop into what scientists refer to as a zygote. Through research scientist have been able to determine when implantation is futile, the first two weeks of a zygotes life is uncertain and as many as 30% zygotes don’t survive. Every week of a pregnancy is important to the growth and development of a baby. Have you ever thought about when a baby develops fingernails, hair or even their teeth? A baby develops in three trimesters: the most development happens within the first and the second trimester. All the while, the baby is only viable when it reaches the third trimester. Through the three trimesters each characteristic develops within a certain time period, through this rigorous process the child develops unique characteristics such as their fingerprints, hair, and teeth. There are many things that affect the develo pment of a fetus throughout pregnancy such as prescription and nonprescription drugs, illegal drugs, tobacco, alcohol, radiation, environmental pollution, infectious diseases, maternal nutrition, and maternal emotional stress. Before taking prescription and nonprescription drugs, a mother should consult a physician because even if she thinks a drug is safe to use it can cause development issues and be really harmful to the baby. Illegal drugs are highly- addictive and can make the baby addicted to theShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Pregnancy On Children s Development Of The Fetus1761 Words   |  8 Pagesthe dangerous decision to drink, smoke, or use drugs throughout their pregnancy is increasing daily. When an expecting mother uses a substance while pregnant, she poses a serious threat to both her health and her child’s. Alcohol, drugs, and tobacco each present specific health risks that run to the fetus and can affect the child in many different ways, which can all result in major complications throughout the child’s development and lifetime and can unfortunately, sometimes, lead to death. TheseRead MorePrenatal Development And Development Of A Fetus1591 Words   |  7 PagesPrenatal development, also known as antenatal development, is the process of the development of a human fetus during pregnancy, from fertilization of the egg until the birth of the child. There are many factors that can contribute to the development of the fetus and many threats that can impact it. Most prenatal development occurs in a normal manner, however; there are many things that can go wrong during this vulnerable time and usually are caused by genetic or environmental factors. While the hazardsRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Infectious Diseases887 Words   |  4 Pagesthat causes harm to the embryo, or fetus† (p. 69). Infectious diseases can harm the embryo, and fetus during pregnancy, but there are times during development when they are more susceptible, to specific diseases. (Fiore 2011, pp.70-72) discuss these diseases, and applies time lines of vulnerability to each. One such disease is syphilis, Fiore (2011) states â€Å"Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that, if untreated may affect the fetus† (p.70). If a fetus survives an infection, it may sufferRead MoreA Brief Note On Drug Use On Infants1572 Words   |  7 Pagesnot. In both cases, many women are unaware of the consequences of what drugs can do to their body. However, for pregnant women, the situation is completely different. â€Å"Studies show that using drugs -- legal or illegal -- during pregnancy has a direct impact on the fetus† (Gaither 1). In simpler terms, drug use not only affects their own lives but also affects the lives of their unborn children. For the sake of enjoyment or recklessness, a woman is willing to put her unborn child at risk of birthRead MorePreventing Harmful Agents From Hurting The Child866 Words   |  4 Pagesperform. Starting from the combining of a sperm and an egg, in 44 short weeks, a baby is formed. There are many instances in which fetal development may go wrong but fortunately, there are also many mechanisms to prevent harmful agents from hurting the child. The first trimester is when a majority of the major organs are formed. In the third month of pregnancy, the fetus already has a working nervous system, an immature muscular system, and a developing brain. The first trimester is also when many spontaneousRead MoreThe Experience of Becoming a Mother 1807 Words   |  7 Pagesthe growing baby in womb during the pregnancy time can make women enjoy the exciting moment and help in reduce the nervous of giving birth. According to Trish (2004), pregnancy is a special time and a healthy life event. During pregnancy time, women also go through every emotional phase in her life time. A pregnancy woman’s body also will undergoes some physical change. The changes is important to assist for fetal development. There are three stages of pregnancy which are the first trimester, secondRead MoreAbortion Is The Act Of Ending The Human Life Of A Pregnant Woman1528 Words   |  7 Pagesexcusable for a fetus while depicting the other side of the same procedures that are used on living born human beings and become punishable by a court of law. Through detail and research we see what a double mined society we have and conscience seared people that we associate with. The decision is yours, what will it be? Abortion is the act of ending the human life of a fetus inside the womb of a pregnant woman, usually preformed within the first twenty-eight weeks of a pregnancy, but canRead MoreThe Effects Of Birth Defects On The Development Of The Fetus899 Words   |  4 PagesPrenatal development is the process in which a human embryo or fetus gestates during pregnancy, from fertilization until birth (Prenatal Development). Most cases of unhealthy development can be avoided, however there are some genetic and environmental factors that cannot. Some genetic factors that affect the development of the fetus are Phenylketonuria, Sickle-cell Anemia, Tay-Sachs Disease, and Down Syndrome (Feldman 402). Some environmental teratogens that affect the development of the fetus are diseaseRead MoreShould Abortion Be Legal?1250 Words   |  5 Pagesenabling the development of a fetus. I believe that priority should be given to providing women with complete autonomy, but there are those who disagree, and act paternalistically toward women to ensure that a fetus fully develops. The personhood of a fetus is an important determinant of what should be prioritized in the discussion about abortion. Some people regard the fetus as being a person because of its ability to become a rational being. They say that since aborting a fetus disrupts itsRead MoreChild Development: Prenatal and Neonatal Development Essay example1230 Words   |  5 PagesThe purpose of this applied homework is to understand the parents’ perception of their children development and experiences of transition into parenthood, and applies the knowledge learnt from the classes into interviewee’s real life experiences, trough an interview of a parent who has a baby around age 6 months – 2 years old. Background On Feb. 12th, 2013, at 10:30pm, a 30-min on-phone interview of a 23 year-old mother, Mary Doe, was scheduled for this applied project. The interviewee has a female

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Personal Narrative Children And Electronics - 948 Words

Narcisa Morelos Professor Melissa Tran English 061 26774 10 November 2016 Children and Electronics The children of this generation will never get to feel the troubles that came way before the electronics of this era. The new technology keeps getting too new for the old and the old technology is too complex for the new generation. Children and adults are both learning how to interact with each other through technology because it is actually beneficial to the children. An example of this is google classroom because they are able to communicate with the class and receive teacher s notes/lectures. The importance of technology is great when it is an influence for someone s creation or invention. For example, the electronics used for science fair project could be the next discovery of something amazing. The next level of responsibility for electronics and technology is left to children and the young adults. This is because they are becoming more savvy in technology/electronics as they play with them. The new technology is rapidly advancing with children and adults because it is used t o socialize, an inspiration for children future inventions/ creations, and it is a new sense of responsibility for next generations. Children and adults are both learning how to communicate with each other through technology because it is actually beneficial to the children. The fact that google classroom has been beneficial to the student means that children understand how it functions.Show MoreRelatedUnderstand Legislation, Policies and Procedures for Confidentiality and Sharing Information Including Data Protection1075 Words   |  5 Pages Why it is important to reassure children, young people and adults about confidentiality and why it may need to be breached. For the home country England there are many policies and procedures within the legislation that relate to safeguarding human rights, data protection and confidentiality. These have been refined into every school policy and procedures such as the human rights act 1998/2004, children act 1989/2004 and the data protection act 1998. Purpose ofRead MoreNegative Effects of Technology on Children1580 Words   |  7 PagesONLINE DATAS AND RESEARCH Negative Effects of Technology on Children March 21, 2010 According to a New York Times article this January, the average kid, ages 8-18, spends over 7  ½ hours a day using technology gadgets equaling 2  ½ hours of music, almost 5 hours of tv and movies, three hours of internet and video games, and just 38 minutes of old fashioned reading according to the Kaiser Family Foundation, which adds up to 75 hours a week! These statistics are not just mere numbers; they are a reflectionRead MoreEssay about Consumption and Everyday Life1369 Words   |  6 Pagesin the context of everyday life. The contributors cover a broad range of cultural consuming patterns drawing on material as well as symbolic resources with case studies from different parts of the world. Studied practices include shopping, personal narratives, music and performance, the imagination of identities and places, media and audiences as well as domestic communication technologies. These cases counter both traditional images of a passive, powerless consumer and the postmodern glorificationRead MoreNursing Reflection Paper1010 Words   |  5 PagesThis reflection paper will cover the individual program of study and experiences with development and implementation of research. Three personal goals will be described using the Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning. The positivist and constructivist paradigms will be discussed along with my personal worldview. My personal beliefs regarding the graduate nurse’s involvement with Evidence Based Practice (EBP) and opinion on why it is important for nurses to be involved in research. Finally, I will discussRead MoreThe Current System Of Sex Education1308 Words   |  6 Pagesdirty. For too many people, the main obstacle barring them from a more comprehensive sex education is the feeling of discomfort or shame that is associated with sex. Mainstream American media would have young people believe that anything as sociating children with sex is wrong, even disgusting; learning anything about their bodies at a young age and learning the wrong things during adolescence will scar them forever. As Freud notes at the beginning of his essay entitled â€Å"The Infantile Sexuality†, â€Å"ItRead MoreAssess the View That Religious Beliefs and Practices Are Changing to Reflect a New Era of Diversity and Choice1021 Words   |  5 Pagesnot existed before and can not do this by behaving as it did in a modern or pre-industrial society. Grace Davie is a proponent of this point of view. For her, religion has simply become more privatised, that is: it is now a private matter of personal preference. This is more appropriate for a society which emphasises individualism and simply echoes what is happening in other institutions in society: the family, for example, is no longer a simple traditional nuclear family, other groupings areRead MoreAPA procedures1465 Words   |  6 Pages277-288. Available from http://www.education.ualberta.ca/educ/journals/ajer.html Newspaper Davis, J. (1993, July 15). Drug cuts heart failure risk. The New York Times, p. A12. Edited book Gibbs, J. T., Huang, L. N. (Eds.). (1991). Children of color: Psychological interventions with minority youth. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Multi page Internet document created by a private organization Online stand alone document, no author, no date only include retrieved dates if sourceRead MoreWe Have Become Our Worst Fears1735 Words   |  7 PagesFears Throughout today’s society individuals are constantly wrapped up in an unrealistic world that our technological devices allow us to create for ourselves. We spend more hours of the day using our electronic devices such as our smartphones and computers than we actually do sleeping. Our electronic devices consume us for over nine hours in a given day, not including our game systems such as: Xbox, PlayStation, and the Wii. By spending more time interacting with a screen than with a face, we haveRead MoreEssay on Cinemas Role in Society1719 Words   |  7 Pages Cult. Change amp; Comm Tech Essay 1: Cinema/Film Many young people today are learning about their world through electronic means – radio, television, video movies, computer games, virtual reality games and the Internet. In particular the visual environment of the electronic media is greatly attracting the print media in all its forms. How many children read comic books these days? Most would rather watch cartoons, or play arcade games or hand-held video games. We will be focusing on cinemaRead MoreNon Profit And For Profit Organizations Use Pr, Advertising, And Social Media1472 Words   |  6 Pageson their website, social media, t-shirts, and other types of promotional merchandise. It is present on all of their hospital buildings. The logo shows a silhouette of a small child with â€Å"St. Jude s Research Hospital† and â€Å"finding cures. saving children† in black text underneath it. The logo has been used by St.Jude’s since its conception in 1962. It is identifiable and clearly shows who they are an d what their organization’s mission is. The brand identity that St, Jude s has helps promote themselves

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

The Prevalence Of Childhood Disability - 967 Words

The United States today there an estimated 48.9 million disabled adults and children. â€Å"The prevalence of childhood disability has continued to increase, growing by 15.6% between 2001–2002 and 2010–2011. Nearly 6 million children were considered disabled in 2010–2011.†Houtrow(2014) The United States civilians have had a negative attitude toward people with disabilities. Donaldson(1980) says that they are attempting to change the attitudes towards people with disabilities. Donaldson states one way they are attempting to change attitudes is by passing legislation to help integrate people with disabilities into society. Passing this legislation will help them receive jobs. Passing this legislation will also give them the same right as any other kids to go to a normal school. Throughout the United States history we did not allow the best treatment and care for the numerous of citizens that are disabled. Although on July 26, 1990 the government has passed l aws regarding disabled people such as the Americans with Disabilities Act or The Disability Discrimination Act by President George H.W. Bush Americans with Disabilities Act (2016). This act has helped those people who face a disability. Throughout my essay I will explain the service learning events and my experiences working with people with disabilities. The reason why I chose to do my service learning project on people with disabilities was because I thought it was an interesting topic. I am currently attending MiamiShow MoreRelatedChildhood Disability And Child And Youth1615 Words   |  7 PagesTherefore, childhood disability deserves a meticulous approach and classification. In 2007, World Health Organization (WHO) introduced International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Child and Youth (ICF-CY) version, a special classification system sensitive to the rapid changes of development for children and youth under 18 years of age. In this paper, I argue that ICF-CY is the most useful and comprehensive tool for measuring and documenting the dynamic nature of childhood healthRead MoreSocio Demographic Profile And Nutritional Status Of Hearing Impaired1594 Words   |  7 PagesBranch of study : SOCIAL SCIENCE Title : SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF HEARING IMPAIRED (DEAF) ADOLESCENTS Abstract Health status of a population is a significant indicator of human development. Like mortality, disability being a potential measure of health status of population has not received much attention in research particularly in the developing countries. Hearing impairment refers to both complete and partial loss of the ability to hear and researchRead MoreChildhood Obesity Among Hispanic Children1729 Words   |  7 PagesObesity among Hispanic Children Childhood obesity has increased dramatically during the past decade (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011). Although the rise in obesity cuts across all of age groups, both genders, and all cultural and racial groups; statistics have demonstrated that Hispanic children are more likely to become obese than White or Black children in the United States. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (2011), childhood obesity is more prevalent amongRead MoreObesity Of Special Needs Children1302 Words   |  6 PagesObesity in Special Needs Children Childhood obesity in children with special needs is higher than in children who do not have special needs. Providing exercise programs, promoting healthy eating habits, and informing residential neighborhoods in helping to promote physical activity for children with special needs would diminish a large number of children in this population. Obesity is a complex medical and psychosocial problem that has its origin in both genetic and environmental factors (PolfussRead MoreEffectiveness Of Early Interventions For Children With Developmental Disabilities1639 Words   |  7 Pagesto Improve Independence in Children with Developmental Disabilities Introduction The purpose of this writing is to explore the effectiveness of interventions to improve independence in children with developmental disabilities. To address this topic, the first section of the paper will include a background of the history of interventions used to improve children’s abilities to live a more independent life living with a developmental disability. Next will be the topic section which will address theRead MoreThe Ethical Regulation Of Transnational Food Companies And Implement Strategies That Promote Healthy Diets846 Words   |  4 Pages Over the last 20 years the worldwide prevalence of obesity has more than doubled, making it the fastest growing cause of disease and death worldwide1 . The expanding markets in developing countries due to globalization have attracted the influx of multinational food and drink companies into these countries with aggressive marketing strategies targeted mainly at children. This has resulted in a nutritional transition from traditional plant based diets to western high fat, energy dense diets withRead MoreEssay On Psychiatric Disorders1260 Words   |  6 Pagesbiggest concerns of modern societies [1, 2]. Psychiatric distress is the most common mental health, affecting a large number of children and it is considered as one of the leading causes of associated with global burden disease [3-5]. Nowadays; the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as mental distress, is rapidly increasing. Therefore, preventing the associated risk factors for such illnesses, is one of the health priorities in the world [6]. The World Health Organization (WHO) demonstratedRead MoreIntroduction To Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )931 Words   |  4 PagesAutism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development (What Is Autism, n.d.). Prior to 2013, patients could be diagnosed under Autistic Disorder (AD), Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) or Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD). In 2013, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) merged all Autism Disorders under one umbrella termed ASD so that it will improve the diagnosis of ASD without limiting the sensitivity of theRead MoreThe Effect Of Telehealth On The Language And Communication Delays That Accompany Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Autism ) Essay1703 Words   |  7 Pagesaccompany Autism Spectrum Disorder (autism), specifically in children. Autism Spectrum Disorder is â€Å"a complex developmental disability, typically appearing during childhood and affecting a person’s ability to communicate and interact with others† (Autism Society, 2016). Autism is typically diagnosed in childhood and affects the individual into adulthood. Description of Childhood Autism Diagnoses of autism have increased rapidly over the last ten years, and continue to do so, making affordable and effectiveRead MoreAutism And Its Effects On Children1205 Words   |  5 PagesWhat is Autism? Autism also specified as Autistic Spectrum Disorder, ASD, Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), Childhood Autism (ICD-10), Autistic Disorder (DSM-IV), Atypical Autism (ICD-10), PDD not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), Asperger Syndrome†¨(ICD- 10)/Asperger Disorder (DSM-IV), is a series of developmental disabilities that cause substantial impairments in social interaction, as well as difficulties in nonverbal interactions and behavioral challenges. From the early 1900s, autism has been

Monday, December 9, 2019

Philippines vs. China in the South China Sea - MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about thePhilippines vs. China in the South China Sea. Answer: The opening of the Philippines case against China related with claims in the disputed South China Sea was heard by a five person panel of judges at the Permanent Court of Arbitration. Philippines relies on the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and hopes to convince the tribunal that jurisdiction is present for the court to hear the dispute and intervene. Philippines believe that this issue is of utmost significance for the country, the region and for the world. Therefore, it is also of the opinion that this case is of utmost importance for the integrity of the UNCLOS and the very fabric of legal order in the sea (Forbes and Henley, 2012). In this sense, it can be said that it is not only the claim made by Philippines that is at stake but it is the international law or more particularly the UNCLOS. The reason behind this dispute is that China lays a claim to the goal of the South China Sea. China's claim is based on the ancient Chinese maps. In these maps, it has been shown that Chinese activity was taking place in the islands even centuries ago (Emmers, 2007). Other countries that are a part of the dispute as their own basis for their claims but none of these countries claims as much area as is claimed by China except Taiwan. However, in the present case, the claim made by Philippines is based on geography and also on the legal principle of Res nullius. According to this principle, it has been mentioned that if an object is ownerless, it is free to be owned (Bautista, 2011). After the World War II, Japan, with control these islands had relinquished its control, and without any particular beneficiary, making them free for annexation. Moreover, in case of geography all the islands that are claimed by Philippines fall within the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Philippines within 200 nautical miles. The relations between Philippines and China started to become more hostile in the South China Sea after the filing of this case in 2013. For example, the Navy of Philippines was locked in a standoff with the maritime surveillance ships of China in 2013 near the disputed Scarborough Shoal. After this incident, there have been other standoffs and incidents that have taken place between the two nations. For example, the joint military drills that were held by Philippines along with the United States and Japan near this disputed territory had also worsened the relations between the two countries. Regarding this dispute, it has been claimed by Philippines that the non-dotted line claim that has been made by China is not valid. The reason given by Philippines is that such a claim violates the provisions of UNCLOS agreement regarding the exclusive economic zones (EEZs) and territorial seas. Moreover, Philippines also claims that the reason that most of the features in the South China Sea like the Spartly Islands are not capable of sustaining life, they cannot be provided their own continental shelf as defined by the UNCLOS. On the other hand, China had refused to take part in the arbitration. It claims that it has a number of treaties with the Philippines in which it has been clearly stated that the parties will use bilateral negotiations for the purpose of resolving border disputes present between them. At the same time, China had also accused Philippines that it had violated the voluntary Declaration on Conduct of Parties in South China Sea. This declaration was made between ASEAN and China in 2002. It also stipulates that bilateral negotiations will be used by the parties for the purpose of resolving any border or other disputes that may be present between them. In this regard, a position paper was also issued by China in 2014. It was argued in this paper that the South China Sea dispute cannot be resolved by arbitration (Bautista, 2009). The reason was that ultimately it was a matter related with sovereignty and not with the exploitation of rights. However, the refusal of China will not prevent the Permanent Court of Arbitration tribunal to proceed with this case (Emmers, 2007). It also needs to be mentioned that both Philippines and China have expressed their concerns regarding subjecting their territorial claims to the International Court of Justice as it had the authority to actually adjudicate on the claims related with sovereignty. Therefore, in short, it can be said that the international law cannot be used as a mechanism to directly resolve the disputes related with sovereignty. Similarly, even if Philippines wins the question related with jurisdiction, still there will be a lengthy round of hearings and clarifications before the tribunal can pronounce a final verdict. It is most likely that the Tribunal will be providing another chance to China to respond to the allegation made by Philippines at every round of hearings. On the other hand, if all the main arguments made by Philippines are categorically turned down by the Tribunal then it is possible that Philippines may find that its legal case has ended abruptly. In such a case, Philippines will be required to completely rethink its approach regarding the South China sea dispute. References Bautista, Lowell B. (2009) "The Historical Background, Geographical Extent and Legal Bases of the Philippine Territorial Water Claim" The Journal of Comparative Asian Development, 8 (2) Bautista, Lowell B. (2011) "Philippine Territorial Boundaries: Internal Tensions, Colonial Baggage, Ambivalent Conformity" Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, University of Malaya Emmers, R (2007), "The De-escalation of the Spratly Dispute in Sino-Southeast Asian Relations", S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies Working Paper (129) Emmers, Ralf (2007), "The De-escalation of the Spratly Dispute in Sino-Southeast Asian Relations", S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies Working Paper (129) Forbes, A and Henley, D (2012) Vietnam Past and Present: The North (Sino-Viet relations in Paracels and Spratlys) Chiang Mai, Cognoscenti Books ASIN

Monday, December 2, 2019

Reflections for Sociology Research Paper Example

Reflections for Sociology Paper The reason I am taking Soc 101 is for that exact reason. It is one of the classes that I am missing to fulfill my general education requirements. When I went into this class I was not exactly sure what to expect. I was not sure what sociology meant or what the study of sociology meant, but after Professor Green described it, I am more interested in the subject now. I hope to learn maybe something about myself. Why I am the way I am, or behave the way I do. I hope to be able to analyze myself, from what I have learned from the class. By being a party of this class, I believe that I will bring a lot of discussion to the class. Want to know the price of your unique Paper? 126 writers online Deadline Paper topic Pages 550 words(double spaced) Get a price Subjects that I do not have a lot of knowledge on often cause curiously which leads me to asking questions. I think I will ask questions that will start section discussions each week. I look forward to learning more about sociology. ?CÃ' ,-. ?0 Today my outlook is different. Over the course I have learned a lot about what sociologist analyze in the world today, and over the course I have found myself tying things that I used to take for granted, back to what I have learned in this course. One topic that we discussed in class was about social norms. What was normal in society and what was not? We will write a custom essay sample on Reflections for Sociology specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Reflections for Sociology specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Reflections for Sociology specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer In discussion I remember this topic vividly because I remember Professor Green giving the example of a male being able to scratch his private parts with no up roar reaction, but If a female did that, it would cause disgust. At that point It made me think about social norms. Why was It was k for males to do that and not females? In an assignment we had on social norms It was the perfect time to teach my friends a little bit about what I had learned in sociology and to see what they thought; I was going to break social norm. Their reaction was priceless. When given this assignment, I had no idea what I was going to do. As the weekend approached, I thought that would be the perfect time to do something that would throw my friends for a loop. On Saturday night, the plan was to all meet up at my house and we were going to go out to a party. It was not until everyone had arrived that I suddenly came up with an idea. I was almost ready, all I had left was to put on my shoes and that is where I decided to break a social norm. As I completed my outfit, I put on one tennis shoe and one flip flop and walked out into the living room where everyone sat waiting. When I first walked out It was hard to keep from smiling. One of my girl friends said, you trying to decide what shoe to wear? ? 1 said no, wearing these shoes. They all looked at me puzzled. They had that kind of look like, she It was not normal for them to see me or anyone In Tanat case wearing two Deterrent snows. You never see people doing that. As I continued walking around the house in these two different shoes, they all Just laughed at me, asking me if I was serious. It was hard to stay confident, and trying not to laugh with them was the hardest. After about 20 minutes of walking around the house we finally were ready to go. I went in my room and changed my shoes. I then came out and told my friends what I was doing, and explained to them how society has impacted us. I asked them, why is it not k for people to wear two different shoes? And I told them it is because it is not normal in our society. It was not normal because in society that is not what you see. It is not even an option to buy two different shoes as a pair. In stores you only see pairs of shoes that match. Although one fits a left foot and the other fits a right foot, they are identical in colors and style. In advertisements and in the media you always see people wearing matching shoes, and to be seen in mismatch shoes would be pretty embarrassing. Because of the media and advertisements, wearing the same shoes is the only thing we recognize as being normal, not wearing two different shoes. Many of my friends were very interested and I could tell they really thought about it. Although this assignment was somewhat embarrassing, I had fun doing it and I think I taught my friends a little bit about sociology. Another topic that we tended to focus a lot on that I found relations to in my life was the idea of sociological imagination. In the book, Big Picture?C,-1?0 sociological imagination is defined as the and ability to look at the connection between who we are as individuals and the larger social and historical forces that shape our lives. ?C,-1?0 In other words you do not know why a person may be the way he or she is unless you know what they have been through. You cannot relate on a personal level to that person until you have witnessed their experiences. I felt this was the overall concept of sociology. It is a way for a person to look at their life as a result of their interaction with society. The sociological imagination examines these and figure out why I am the way I am and also why I have chosen to do certain things For me I have faced many issues in my life that I consider personal, but one that I can tie back to imagination?C,-1?0 that may some what seem as a humorous story is one that actually happened to a friend of mine, but then later also effected me. My friend who had been dating her boyfriend for a couple years decided to break up. After her break up she was depressed and never wanted to do anything. She changed as a person, and became someone I no longer recognized. I ad no idea why she was acting the way she was. She acted as if someone had died. My friend and I exchanged many words, sometimes hurtful but it was not until a few months later that me and my boyfriend faced the same issue. My opinion immediately changed after that moment. I knew exactly what she was feeling when this happened to her. My attitude changed and I soon became a stranger to my friends. I relate this issue back to because when this happened to my friend my opinion on it was to Just get over it, but when it happened to me, I realized it was not that easy. In society it is so normal to have a boyfriend. It somewhat feels like something your expected to have, because eventually It wall lead to marriage Ana or naval a Tamely. It Is not Like we can Just go out right after a break up and be with any guy we see. It Just is not normal. Society has shaped us to think that we be single all our lives. Eventually we have to find someone or else be lonely forever. The only solution to this problem was to be in my shoes, and once I was I knew exactly how she felt. Any situation that people go through I think should be tied back to sociological imagination because it is the truth. No one knows what one is going wrought until you yourself experience it. On a more emotional note, in what was stated previously, the social imagination which explains why we live the life we do or do the things we do makes this concept very important to me. In my life there is a story, and not until I took this course did I learn why my life was the way it was or why I did things the way I do. I grew up without a mother, pretty much all my life. She died from breast cancer when I was only five and ever since I have learned to become a woman, basically on my own. Growing up with a family of boys, I never had the omen role model and till this day I still do not. Before this course in sociology, it would make me emotional when I question myself with why it had to happen to me, but now I know it was because it was to make me the person I am today. It has made me do things that I never in million years would have thought to do. I have been a participant in many breast cancer events and I even held a fundraiser where I raised 5300 dollars in order to donate to the American Cancer Society. For me, sociological imagination, although I found a story in it, it also opened a pathway for me to see life in a different perspective. Today, our society is what we would refer to as a capitalist society. Although Capitalism is huge among our society it was hard for me to relate it to my personal life. I had trouble comprehending exactly what the concept was unfolding. Capitalism, which is an economic system based on private property in which revenue seeking individuals, companies or businesses compete in the marketplace is exactly how we live today. We live in a society where there is room for competition. In a communist society, the system is based on everyone being given the same things and no one being able to compete to make money. Capitalism has impacted my life in many ways. Capitalism is everything. It is in school, my family, and even in the Jobs I work. My family consists of a family of four, not because my parents had to have a family of four but because they wanted to. In China, because they are a communist country, everyone is given the same amount of freedom. No one is better than the other, but everyone is equal. For example in the article around the you are only aloud to have one child. If you have more than one, they take your child away from you. Here, unlike China, looking for a Job goes pretty much as you please. You are able to choose where you want to work and which Job is going to pay more. As school goes, you are able to choose what classes you want, and sometimes if you are lucky, what teachers you want to have. Capitalism is almost like freedom. Without it everyone would be the same and there would be no room for competition or options. We need capitalism in order to have choices. If we were ruled by the government, who told us that we all had to be the same, the world would be a boring place to live. Every family would be the same, every working man and women would make the same amount of money ND it would be like looking at your-self in a mirror all over the world. If everyone was n Dealing ten same as everyone else In ten world, Ana 010 not want to compete with one another for more money, then capitalism would not be necessary. Economy has had a dramatic effect on me and many other people living in California. Today the economy has become almost unbelievable. With gas prices rising to almost 4 dollars a gallon is ridiculous. The price of living is almost unimaginable. For me the economy has made it almost impossible for me to live on my own, let alone survive. Any student living in our economy, going to school full time and working part time is barley getting by. Although the goal of capitalism is to give everyone their freedom and independence, the economy has made it very hard to live and be independent, and that is why I am where I am now. Living at home, working two part time Jobs and going to school full time. Although it is almost unimaginable it is due able. The fact of the matter is though; I am able to make a choice. I can either go to school or work full time, or do both. There is no one telling us what we have to do as an order. We are given options. If I wanted to move out I could, but I would have to work a lot more than I do now. Although it is hard to get by today, glad I have the choice to make my own independent decisions. For me I agree with what Karl Marx says about our society. In Big it states that Marx believes that economy determines society. ?C,-1?0 Max Weber believed that ideas were more important and thought that those and other contributions shaped our society. In world though, the economy does shape our society, or at least that is what I believe. The way we live, the clothes we where, the places we go, the families we have are all because of the economy. The society we live in today, no one cares about ideas anymore, it is all about how much money you have and where you stand in society. No one is going to listen to a homeless person on the streets who might have a good idea, but they are going to listen to someone with higher power, maybe someone with money who can actually buy himself to the top to prove a point. In politics, there is never a poor person running for president, it is always people with money, who have higher power than everyone else. Economy says everything about the society we live in today. One of my favorite themes in this course was gender. It was Just interesting to hear different opinions people had on this topic. For this topic, I lead the discussion in my section. I was glad to have picked that week to lead discussion because I have a lot of different thoughts on gender and recently I encountered a situation that made me think about this topic after the situation had occurred. While at a Padre Game with a group of friends, we were leaving walking towards the trolley when my male friend was approached by another person who started to bad mouth him. My friends first reaction was to stand up for himself, so him and this other errors started to get close to one another bumping each other with their chests. My friend, who was male, was with a group of girls, one of us being his girlfriend. She was the first one to notice that the person her boyfriend was about to get in a fight with was not who he thought it was. He was about to fight a female, who could barely be identified as a female because of her short hair and her boyish clothing. Once we all realized her name was Heather and her friends were telling her to stop, we shouted for him to stop because he was about to fight a female, which was something he would never do. When we got on the trolley we were laughing about it, out teen I tongue auto It I leaned to my Eternal slating next to me Ana toll near now I had Just been discussing gender in my sociology class. I wondered why it made a difference that she was a girl. Why did my friend automatically back off when he figured it out that she was a girl? I never witnessed something like that. I have seen girls that dress like guys and sometimes you have to really analyze the person, but this was the first time I really started to think about it. It made me think about the reading it Means to be Gendered Me?C,-1?0 by Betsy Local from the kook Mapping the Social Landscape by Susan J. Ferguson. The reading described the life of a woman who was similar to what I witnessed at the baseball game. In the book the women describes her life as sometimes hard but because society only has two gender structures, she has to deal with the consequences. Recently an event occurred at San Diego State that has everyone talking, including people around the world. It struck a discussion among the campus that I related back to sociology. Of the 96 students who were arrested, 75 of them were students at SUDS. It made me wonder why those students did what they did. Was it because of their family, gender or socioeconomic class that caused these students to take action in this illegal action? Was it because of society and the influence that drugs and weapons have on us or was it Just because they wanted to experiment with new things, and maybe needed some extra money? It is something that still makes me wonder even now. Behind each situation in life there is a theory. At least that is how it is analyzed in a sociological outlook. Are systematic and ever-evolving expressions that, in sociology, seek to explain why we act and think as we do?C,-1?0 (Witt 2007: 5). In every condition I encountered, It made me think why I acted and thought as I did. From putting on different shoes to not being able to identify a girl who was dressed like a boy. Over the time being in Sociology 101, I feel that I have learned a lot. Some things that we went over in class got to me on and emotional level and some discussions in class were very intense. The week we discussed Capitalism, the topic got to me in an emotional way. We had the guest speaker who was the actor in Marx in Soho (which I watched) and also a few who Joined our discussion that day. One T. A ho I can not seem to remember his name broke down our system a little bit better. The way he spoke and the way he delivered his message had some kind of effect on me. It really made me question why I was going to school and getting an education and what will happen if I am not successful in life. What would I tell my family or how would I survive. It was a matter of what I could do to make the world different, and some ways a better place. Sociology has now become one of my favorite subjects. Although sometimes some subjects are boring, many of them make you really think about life. Why everything happens and why people act the way they do. I find myself relating a lot of things I hear or see back to sociology. I think about things before I react and try to pass the word on to friends. They sometimes look at me weird but when they think about it, it catches them by surprise, Just as it did to me when I was taught it. It is hard to imagine how I was so oblivious too subject that is all around us. It is what we see, do, and hear about every day. It is our society that we live in that makes I t ten way It Is ay when I enrolled In sociology 101 at ten Degrading AT ten ear, I never would have thought it would become a subject of interest, one that I am almost tempted to change my major to. But I love to look beyond the box and I love to help others and I think that is what sociology is all about. At the beginning of the year when I had written about what I hoped to accomplish out of this course, I think I have. I now have learned something new about myself, why I am the way I am and why I react and behave the way I do. I am glad that I took this course and if it was not a GE course, I would recommend it to all students. I would call it a class that will leave a lasting impression on many.